Horticulture is an important part of a nation’s economy. In India, Horticultural crops are important to the economy because they provide jobs, provide raw materials for food processing businesses, and generate revenue owing to increased output and profitability. Furthermore, Foreign exchange profits a lot from exports of horticulture products. In this article, we will read about Types of Horticulture Farming in India.
What is Horticulture?
The term Horticulture is derived from the Latin words hortus (garden) and culture (cultivation). It is the branch of agriculture. In other words, it is the cultivation, production, and sale of vegetables, fruits, flowers, herbs, ornamental or exotic plants.
Horticulture farming also aims to enhance the quality of life, as well as the beauty, sustainability, and recovery of our ecosystem and the human condition.
Plants, crops, and green spaces help to sustain and enrich our lives by providing healthy food, beautifying our homes and communities, and lowering our carbon footprint.
Introduction to Horticulture Farming in India
Because of India’s diverse agro-climatic conditions, all sorts of fresh fruits, vegetables, and medicinal plants can be grown in different regions of the nation. In addition, There is a growing health consciousness among the Indian population.
Since the majority of the population is vegetarian in India. There is a strong demand for fruits and vegetables. However, When compared to the country’s current demand for horticulture products, the country’s production is far lower. Hence, there is huge scope for farmers and businesses in the Horticulture sector in India.
Types of Horticulture Farming in India
There are numerous types of Horticulture Farming in India. However, the most significant ones are as follows.
How plants grow and adapt to their environment is studied in arboriculture. In arboriculture, Individual trees, shrubs, vines, and other perennial woody plants are studied. In simple words, it generally relates to maintaining individual woody plants and trees for long-term landscape and amenity purposes.
Turf Management is one of the important types of horticulture farming in India. It describes the work to manage the sports pitches. For example, management of cricket pitch, maintenance of golf pitch etc. comes under Turf Management.
Floriculture is the process of farming flowers. It is a branch of horticulture associated with flower and ornamental crops for use in gardens and floristry. Floriculturists spend most of their time cultivating new varieties of flowers through plant breeding.
In simple words, it is the growing, maintenance, and marketing of ornamental flowers. However, some florists also do the extraction of essential oils, edible pigments.
To get a detailed overview of Floriculture, you can visit – An Overview of Floriculture
In landscape gardening, attractive plants are planted in such a manner as to create a scenic appearance. In simple words, Landscape gardening is an artistic branch of Horticulture.
Landscape Horticulture is a mixture of science and art. It is a vital and emerging sector considering the scope of horticulture farming in India.
Pomology is the study of fruit, specifically the science of growing fruit and nuts. Fruits are always on-high demand. Therefore, Pomology has a significant role in horticulture farming of India.
Among a pomologist’s responsibilities is the creation of new cultivars of fruits and vegetables. Fruit and nut cultivars are continuously being modified to enhance disease resistance and other characteristics. Moreover, Pomologists also investigate fertiliser and pruning strategies for growing healthy trees.
Postharvest Physiology is used to determine the best storage and transportation conditions to optimise shelf life after harvest.
As the name suggests, Postharvest Physiology focuses primarily on technology after harvesting. In Postharvest Physiology, we also get to study optimal storage and transportation conditions to increase the shelf life.
Commercial Horticulture Farming
As we all know, People make money from commercial horticulture by cultivating plants for other people.
It requires a thorough understanding of the market, including what customers want, what their likes and preferences are, and what is readily accessible and what is in short supply.
Let us now read about the Benefits of horticulture farming in India.
Benefits of Horticulture Farming in India
Horticulture benefits are not limited to the environment only. Rather, Horticulture farming can be a profitable business in the long run. The reason is it provides several benefits. Let us look at some of the most important ones.
- Horticulture is one of India’s most important development drivers. It can be more lucrative than agriculture in several cases (food grains mainly).
- Horticulture offers a variety of professions in the primary, secondary, and tertiary sectors, as well as in the government.
- Small and medium farmers benefit from horticultural crops, fruit, and vegetable crops.
- Horticulture also allows people to consume a diversified and balanced food, which is important for a healthy lifestyle.
Exporters of scheduled horticulture products having APEDA Registration can expand their business worldwide and earn profits. Moreover, APEDA Registration allows exporters and farmers to have financial aid and attend various training programs to expand the business.
Download E-Startup Mobile App and Never miss the latest updates reciting to your business.