Chandrayaan-2 Launch Called Off: How FMEA Strategy can be Helpful?
In any project or a mission, success and failure are 2 sides of the same coin, as they both have equal probability. Failures do occur when the loopholes are left unaddressed. These loopholes must be timely traced and effectively ruled out. One such strategy that can help in beating the technical faults in a process. The secret behind all successful organizations is their ability to detect their technical glitches and effectively rule them out. In this regard, ISO certification has an imperative role to play. It has been noticed that the ISO certified firms generally have the record of successfully applying the FMEA strategy throughout their projects.
Abortion of Mission Chandrayaan-2
To understand the significance of FMEA, we must study the most recent case of Mission Chandrayaan-2. Today, the whole nation is in shock as the launch of Chandrayaan 2 has been now called off by ISRO. The Launch of Chandrayaan-2 via GSLVMkIII-M1 was scheduled to launch on 15th July 2019 at 2:51 am but the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) had to call off the mission 56 minutes 24 seconds before liftoff at 1:55 am.
According to ISRO scientists, there were some technical snags in the launch vehicle system. As a result, the space agency had to stop the Chandrayaan-2 launch as a measure of abundant precaution.
Here we see that though a lot of efforts were made during this dream project, there is still a lot of scope of improvement. And FMEA has the major role to play in figuring out and removing technical faults in any project.
But first, we need to understand the meaning of FMEA.
1. What is FMEA?
Failure Modes and Effects Analysis, abbreviated as FMEA, is a methodical strategy for tracing all the possible causes of failures in a project. This can help in prior detection of a possible failure.
2. What are Failure Modes?
The failure points that are found in a particular project of an organization are referred to as the failure modes.
3. What is Effects Analysis?
The potential impact of the Failure Modes is to be assessed on the basis of their seriousness, frequency, and complication. This process is called Effects Analysis. The detection failure modes and Effects Analysis should be done together systematically in order to avoid possible failure.
4. What is the role of ISO certification in FMEA?
ISO 9001 certification standard has specified a clear-cut procedure on the strategic management with FMEA principle for unhindered progress and realization of the Quality Management System in an organization. Every entrepreneur faces glitches in due course of the advancement of QMS.
Unquestionably, the FMEA approach is one amongst those viable strategies to track and remove such bottlenecks to smooth progress of a Quality Management System.
The most recent ISO 9001:2015 certification has discussed several outstanding strategies for mastering the art of quality efficiency. One of them is the FMEA approach.
5. Whether has FMEA has been used in earlier space missions?
Yes, NASA has applied the FMEA strategy in almost all its space missions. Here are the instances:
- In 1966, NASA had released its report about the use of FMEA procedure in its Apollo 11 moon landing mission, which was accomplished in 1969. FMEA was used to identify Single Point failures in the entire program. There were 420 such errors found during that mission!
- Subsequently, NASA applied FMEA on all other noteworthy space programs viz.:
- Vikings Mars landing mission (1975-78),
- Voyager (1977),
- Magellan Venus surface mapping (1989), and
- Galileo mission for studying Jupiter & its moons (1989).
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