In the modern age, we are witnessing a surge in new technologies across the globe. As the global population is increasing with each passing day, so is the challenge of feeding them. Add to this the rapidly exhausting natural resources. There is a severe need to develop new techniques in agriculture to grow food in smaller spaces while conserving natural resources such as water. Hydroponic farming systems are a big step in this direction. In this article, we will discuss an overview of Hydroponic farming systems.
Overview of Hydroponic Farming
Hydroponic farming is a system of growing crops without using soil and is often referred to as soilless or soil-free farming. Under the hydroponic farming system, plant roots grow inside moist inert materials such as Rockwool and Vermiculite or in a liquid nutrient solution. It involves suspending the plant roots directly above the static liquid solution or floating them in narrow channels filled with the nutrient mixture.
Advantages of Hydroponic Farming Systems
Unlike traditional farming, crops grown under hydroponic farming systems demand great care and nurturing. However, the countless benefits of using hydroponic farming systems vastly outweigh the constant attention that one needs to pay. Some of the advantages offered by hydroponic farming systems include:
- Higher productivity compared to traditional farming, effective utilization of plant nutrients, and reduced wastage of resources.
- Hydroponic farming provides a controlled climate system to help grow crops all year round.
- Plant roots come in direct contact with water-soluble nutrients, thereby aiding in faster absorption and growth, and
- As crops are grown in a closed environment under hydroponic farming systems, it eliminates the risk of insects and pests.
Types of Hydroponic Farming Systems
The method of growing each type of crop can be different, and so is the case with hydroponic farming systems. When choosing between the various hydroponic systems, it becomes essential to understand each one of them. Here is a look at some of the popular hydroponic systems:
- Standing Aerated Nutrient Solution
- Nutrient Film Technique
- Aeroponic System
- Dutch Bucket Grow System
Uses of APEDA in Hydroponic Farming
Having comprehended the hydroponic farming system above, let us now discuss the uses of Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority (APEDA) for farmers practising hydroponic farming in India.
Farmers who grow various agricultural products using the hydroponic farming systems and who want to undertake the export of different scheduled agricultural products must register under the APEDA Act mandatorily.
Benefits of APEDA Registration
Although registering under the APEDA Act offers several advantages to producers and exporters of scheduled products, some of the significant benefits are as mentioned below:
- Registration under the APEDA Act is compulsorily required to export scheduled products.
- Under APEDA, exporters can avail of financial assistance and benefit from information and guidelines relating to the development and export of scheduled products.
- It helps exporters in their brand publicity through advertisement, packaging development, database up-gradation and surveys.
- Registered members can participate in the various training programmes organized by APEDA to improve their business.
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