GST on barter transactions in India

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According to GST, bartering and exchanging are two major types of supply. Currently, Barter transactions are also growing in India. Therefore. In this article, you will understand the specifics of both terms.

In GST parlance, what exactly is the barter system?

The CGST Act of 2017 does not include a definition for barter.  However,  In bartering, one item is exchanged for another without a predetermined monetary value. The exchange of a scooter for a motorbike is one such example. To engage in bartering, two separate sources of supply are required. Thus, Barter is defined as “the exchange of one commodity for another without the use of money” in the eighth edition of Black’s Law Dictionary.

The practice of bartering was common when money (a universally accepted method of trade) did not exist, but it is gaining popularity again now. Examples include manufacturing facilities exchanging clothing with advertising agencies for the sake of product promotion and cooperative development agreements.

Example of Barter System

For instance, if you trade in your old phone for 30000/-, you’ll get a whole new one. Since a brand-new phone costs 34,000 Indian Rupees, the GST-able portion of its value under Rule 27 will also be 34,000. In order for these dealings to count as supplies, section 7 of the CGST Act must be followed. This includes situations where the dealings in question would have naturally occurred in the normal course of business.

A private firm employee’s outdated cell phone is not considered supply because it is deemed to be a corporate asset. If that’s the case, supply consists of a single exchange—say, purchasing a brand-new phone and giving it away for Rs. 34,000.

Taxation of Barter under GST Regime

Exchange for services or Barter Deals meets the requirements of Section 7 of the Act. The dilemma of how to tax each individual deal has arisen. The taxable transaction, in this case, a supply, is subject to taxation under Section 9 of the Act.

When sections 7 and 9 are read together, it becomes clear that barter is considered a supply and is therefore taxable under GST legislation. Within the framework of barter, two exchanges are made. When one person trades a bike for a scooter, they are impacting the first supply, while the other person is affecting the second supply. After calculating the appropriate HSN and tax rate accordingly, GST must be imposed on bicycle and motor scooter sales. To establish if CGST+SGST (Intra State Transaction) or IGST (Interstate Transaction) applies, the POS for each supply must be identified (Inter-State Transaction).

Thus, Each supplier is responsible for GST Return filing through a separate GSTR-1/3B for each transaction. Naturally, a business test must be applied to sec. 7 in order to classify the transaction as supply. A supply and the associated GST are not incurred if the transaction is not part of the regular course of business.


In section 7 of the CGST Act, 2017, “supply” is defined. This means that barter and exchange are two distinct types of supply. However, Barter lacks a definition in GST legislation, which has been brought up.. Therefore, we must refer to other laws or court precedents in order to draw distinctions. Both names, despite their superficial similarities, have important distinctions. You can also consult GST Experts at 8881-069-069 to know more.

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moreover, If you want any other guidance relating to GST Return Filing or GST Registration, please feel free to talk to our business advisors at 8881-069-069.

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